It's important to have an eye exam to make sure your eyes are healthy and seeing their best. This is a good time to mention any vision problems or family health history of eye problems. A visual acuity test will help your optometrist determine if you need eyeglasses or contact lenses for vision correction. A dilated-eye exam should also be done to check your eyes for any damage or signs of disease, such as glaucoma, cataracts, or age-related macular degeneration.
Christopher Jermak, MD
Location and Office HoursRetina Consultants of Western New York
6637 Main St
Williamsville, NY 14221
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- BlueCross BlueShield of Western New York
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Why should I have an eye exam?
RealAge answeredHelpful? 1 person found this helpful.
Can carotenoids help reduce my risk for eye disease?
Dariush Mozaffarian, MD, Cardiology, answeredHealthy eyes depend on vitamin A as well as carotenoids that aren't transformed into vitamin A. Lutein and zeaxanthin are the only carotenoids found in the retina of the eye. Spinach and kale, two lutein-rich vegetables, appear to moderately reduce the risk of cataracts (the clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye). And one study found that women who got the most lutein and zeaxanthin through their diets had a 22% lower risk of needing surgery to remove a cataract, compared with women who got the least. Observational studies also suggest that dietary carotenoids seem to lessen the likelihood of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a condition that leads to blurred, distorted vision and blind spots in the field of vision.Helpful? 2 people found this helpful.
Can eating fish improve my eyesight?
While a healthy, balanced diet as recommended by a primary care provider should be pursued by everyone, the most likely conclusion from the totality of medical evidence is that there is no specific dietary recommendation that can improve one’s eyesight or prevent vision loss.
While severely malnourished people may have multiple medical problems, including eye problems, the typically nourished individual in the U.S. cannot improve her/his eyesight with a change in diet. This includes a lack of evidence to support the conclusion that eating fish, or green leafy vegetables, or carrots, or bilberry, or ginko bilboa, or other dietary supplements will improve one’s eyesight.
A government-sponsored study published at the beginning of the 21st century reported that a dietary supplement, such as that used in the study (Age-Related Eye Disease Study or AREDS) was safe and likely reduced the risk of one progressing from an earlier to a more advanced stage of age-related macular degeneration (a common disease in some people as they age due to scarring or loss of the center of the retina tissue, the light-sensitive tissue lining the back wall of the eye). However, this benefit only was found for those individuals with this earlier stage. It was not shown to be beneficial in those without the earlier stage, even if one’s parents had macular degeneration, nor was it shown to prevent someone from developing the earlier stage.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
How can I boost antioxidant levels in my body to preserve my eye health?
Dole Nutrition Institute answeredGlutathione is a powerful antioxidant enzyme, manufactured in the body, that functions as part of the defense system for the lenses of your eyes. When glutathione levels are deficient, the eyes are more vulnerable to oxidative damage. Nutrients required to increase glutathione levels include selenium and vitamins C and E.
Top vitamin C sources include oranges, grapefruits, strawberries, papayas, kiwis, green peppers, red bell peppers and tomatoes.
Top vitamin E sources include almonds, pecans, sweet potatoes, sunflower seeds, dark, leafy greens and vegetable oils (e.g., safflower and corn).
Top selenium sources include Brazil nuts (with a whopping 95.8 micrograms per nut), snapper and shrimp.
What are the symptoms of episcleritis?
Johns Hopkins Medicine answered
Typical symptoms of episcleritis include generalized or local redness of the eyes. This may be accompanied by mild soreness or discomfort, but no visual problems. Of course, since eye redness can indicate any number of other eye problems, including simple allergies, it's important you get a proper diagnosis.
How can eating spinach help preserve my eye health?
Dole Nutrition Institute answeredAccording to the American Optometric Association (AOA) , dark, leafy greens are the healthiest food for eyes overall. Women who consumed the most lutein and zeaxanthin—6,700 micrograms per day—enjoyed an 18 percent lower risk of developing cataracts. Spinach is loaded with these potent antioxidants, believed to filter the high-energy light waves that cause free-radical damage to the eyes and skin. They’ve also been found to cut the risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD ), which women are more prone to than men. Research suggests that daily intake of the amount available in one cup of cooked spinach is enough to realize the benefits.
Other lutein sources include colorful fruits and vegetables, such as broccoli, kale, collard greens, turnip greens, corn, green beans, peas, summer squash, oranges and tangerines.Helpful? 2 people found this helpful.
What causes blue discoloration of the whites of my eyes?
Blue discoloration of the whites of the eyes is rare and occurs when there is abnormal thinning of the sclera, which is the white outer wall of the eye. Most cases of such blue discoloration occur in young children with rare severe congenital abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system. Some patients with Marfan's syndrome, a congenital condition that may not become apparent until teenage years or later, may show a bluish discoloration of the whites of the eyes. In older individuals, there may be bluish or grayish areas of thinning of the sclera near the inner or outer corners of the eyes where some of the muscles that move the eye are attached to the white of the eye; such thinning is benign and requires no treatment.
Can uveal coloboma be treated?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Patients with uveal coloboma should have yearly follow-up exams by an eye care professional. However, there is no medication or surgery currently that can cure or reverse coloboma and make the eye whole again. Treatment consists of helping patients adjust to vision problems and make the most of the vision they have by:Correcting any refractive error with glasses or contact lenses. Maximizing the vision of the most affected eye in asymmetric cases. This may involve patching or using drops to temporarily blur vision in the stronger eye for a limited period of time. Ensuring that amblyopia (lazy eye) does not develop in childhood in case of asymmetry. Sometimes, amblyopia treatment (patching, glasses, and/or drops) can improve vision in eyes even with severe coloboma. Treating any other eye condition that may be present with coloboma, such as cataracts. Treating any complications that might arise later in life from retinal coloboma, such as the growth of new blood vessels at the back of the eye (neovascularization) and/or retinal detachment. Using low-vision devices, as needed. Making use of rehabilitation services, such as early intervention programs. Offering genetic counseling to the patient and family members.
If the eye with the coloboma is very small (microphthalmia), other follow-ups may be needed. Conformers and expanders may be used to help support the face and encourage the eye socket to grow. Children may also be fitted for a prosthetic (artificial) eye to improve appearance. As the face develops, new conformers will need to be made.
For people who wish to alter the appearance of a coloboma affecting the front of the eye, two options are currently available:Colored contact lenses that make the black part of the eye (pupil) round. Surgery to make the pupil rounder. This procedure pulls and sutures together the lower edges of the iris.
This answer is based on source information from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
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