The sterilization or disinfection of surgical instruments involves multiple processes. The steps include pre-cleaning, cleaning, inspection, packaging, wrapping, autoclaving and maintainance of the autoclave. First the pre-cleaning involves wiping instruments off with cloth or enzymatic cleaner. Next, cleaning involves scrubbing instruments with enzymatic cleaner and rinsed. After inspection, each instrument is wrapped and autoclaved with steam indicator inserted into the package. Packages are secured with steam indicator and dates labeled. A autoclave log is maintained of the details of each run.
Cherine El-Dabh, MD
Location and Office HoursCleveland Clinic Main Campus Anesthesiology
5700 Cooper Foster Park
Lorain, OH 44053
- Cleveland Clinic
How are the surgical instruments disinfected prior to surgery?
Stuart Linder, MD, Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, answered
What is radiosurgery?
Riverside Cancer Care Center answeredRadiosurgery is a comparatively new and expanding field which offers “knifeless surgery” for some patients. The Gamma Knife uses a highly accurate beam of radiation to destroy cancer but does not involve conventional, open surgery, so it can usually be carried out in a single day. The Synergy S system is also available, offering similar treatments for tumors outside of the brain.
What are some risks of surgery?
The type and level of risks vary widely, depending on the operation and your medical condition.
Mortality is always a risk in surgery, but to put that in context, it is also always a risk in crossing the street. The risk ranges from virtually zero to fifty percent and up. Highly invasive surgery creates a greater likelihood of something happening that could threaten your life.
Pain is another variable that totally depends on the operation. If you are concerned about pain and how to relieve it, speak up. Don’t go into surgery dreading pain or worrying that you sound weak if you insist on having appropriate measures to relieve it.
Fatigue is a universal complication of surgery. Studies have shown that any one of the components of surgery—anesthesia, bed rest, lack of food—can bring on fatigue. Often patients feel okay directly after surgery, only to feel worse in the following days. This is usually followed by gradual improvement. If you know this in advance, you can understand the recovery process and not be afraid that something is wrong when normal fatigue sets in.
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