Robotic surgery is a laparoscopic procedure in which three instruments within the patient’s abdomen are moved by robotic arms controlled by the surgeon sitting at an operating console in the operating room but away from the bedside. Advantages of the robot are a 3-D, high-definition view of the operative field, whereas traditional laparoscopy is 2-D.
Also, the robot allows for several degrees of movement at the end of the instruments, much like the human wrist, so that suturing and dissection can easily be performed even at odd or difficult angles within the body. These advantages are associated with better ergonomics and less surgeon fatigue, which sometimes can translate to performing a more precise or delicate surgery laparoscopically.
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