Anesthesiologists have four years of medical school and an additional four of advanced training in anesthesiology. In addition, some anesthesiologists elect to complete a fellowship and spend an additional year of specialty training in a specific area like pain management, cardiac anesthesia, pediatric anesthesia, neuroanesthesia, obstetric anesthesia or critical care medicine.
Brigid A. Morris, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
Location and Office HoursKannapolis Internal Medicine
559 Jackson Park
Kannapolis, NC 28083
- BlueCross BlueShield of North Carolina
- Coventry Health Care
- PARTNERS National Health Plans
- United Healthcare
- Carolinas Medical Center Northeast
- What type of education and training does an anesthesiologist have?
What is left ventricular hypertrophy?
SCAI answeredHypertrophy is a medical term that means “too much growth because of increased size of cells.” In this case, it refers to excessive thickening of the wall of the lower left chamber of the heart (the left ventricle). As blood travels through the heart, the left ventricle is the last stop before circulating out through the heart’s aortic valve to reach the aorta, which then carries the oxygenated blood to the body.
Left ventricular hypertrophy can be a complication that develops from untreated moderate-to-severe aortic valve stenosis. Aortic valve stenosis is an abnormality that can be present at birth, or acquired later in life, in which the opening of the aortic valve is too narrow and limits blood flow. With moderate or severe narrowing of the valve opening, the heart’s left ventricle must work extra hard to pump blood. This extra work causes the left ventricle to thicken more than it should. Left ventricular hypertrophy can also be cause by abnormal thickening of the muscle cells, such as in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or uncontrolled hypertension.
What causes pulmonary artery stenosis?
SCAI answeredPulmonary stenosis is the second most common form of congenital heart disease. In pulmonary stenosis, the pulmonary valve is abnormal and does not open to allow blood to flow freely to the lungs. The pulmonary valve is important because it is the gateway between the lower right heart chamber (the right ventricle) and the major artery to the lungs (the pulmonary artery). Pulmonary stenosis, therefore, causes increased pressure on the right side of the heart, and can lead to symptoms and heart failure over time.
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