Brenda Jobson, DO
Location and Office HoursBrenda Jobson DO
Somerset, KY 42503
- monday: 8:00AM - 6:00PM
- tuesday: 8:00AM - 6:00PM
- wednesday: 8:00AM - 6:00PM
- thursday: 8:00AM - 6:00PM
- Anthem Blue Cross/Blue Shield Indiana
- Bluegrass Family Health
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Humana Health Plan
- United Healthcare
- Lake Cumberland Regional Hospital
What are the bile ducts?
Michael Roizen, MD, Internal Medicine, answeredWithin the liver there's a network of bile ducts; bile is greenish liquid produced in the liver that helps break down fats. The liver also uses bile to clear bilirubin from the blood. Biliwhat, you say? Bilirubin-it's a substance that comes from the breakup of hemoglobin of dead red blood cells. An increased level of bilirubin results in jaundice (a yellowing of the skin and all mucous membranes-that includes the eyeballs where the yellowing is usually detected earliest and easiest), a sign of many liver diseases.
How does smoking affect a healthy gastrointestinal system?
Atlanta Gastroenterology Associates answered
Smoking may adversely affect all parts of an otherwise healthy gastrointestinal (GI) system. Smoking may contribute to acid reflux disease and heartburn because of increased pressure on the passage between the stomach and the esophagus.
Smoking may increase acid secretion and decrease pancreatic secretion, resulting in stomach disorders. Smoking may aggravate or contribute to development of peptic ulcers. If individuals who already have ulcers continue to smoke, the ulcers may never heal.
Smoking may interfere with the liver's functioning. Smoking damages the liver, and so the liver cannot metabolize medications and toxins effectively.
By smoking, an individual may also increase risk of cancer, inflammatory bowel diseases, and Crohn's disease.
How is gastroparesis treated?
Conventional treatments for gastroparesis may include medical therapies, dietary changes, and various surgical procedures. Implantation of a gastric electrical stimulator, or "gastric pacemaker," an implanted device that helps to control nausea and vomiting, is FDA approved under investigational protocol for patients who have failed medical management.
The sleeve gastrectomy has been proven to be helpful in alleviating the symptoms of gastroparesis in a small number of patients. It is currently under investigation and offered to patients who have failed all other methods of treatment for gastroparesis.
There are some patients, however, who do not improve with current treatments and whose quality of life continues to deteriorate. If all of these fail to help, however, patients may have no choice but to receive nutrients through feeding tubes -- not an attractive option for anyone, but especially younger people.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
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