When you eat a carbohydrate, it is broken down into glucose, a simple sugar. In fact, any macronutrient (protein, carbohydrate, or fat) can be broken down into a glucose by-product-carbohydrates are just the easiest to break down into glucose because a carbohydrate is really just one long glucose string. The glucose is then absorbed and carried to all your cells by your bloodstream. When your pancreas senses sugar, it responds by secreting insulin, which goes to every cell in your body and attaches to insulin receptors. It's like a key fitting into a lock. Once the insulin attaches to the receptor, glucose is allowed to enter the cell. If glucose can't enter the cell, it builds up in the blood and becomes toxic. If a cell doesn't sense enough glucose coming into it, it sends a signal to the pancreas to produce more insulin. It will have a chemical reaction because the cells need glucose to sustain not just their life but your life as well. This important reaction is pretty simple. Glucose combines with oxygen inside the cell to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), an energy storage unit. You can think of ATP as a battery. It supplies the energy to drive all the reactions in your body so that you can live. When your cells don't get the glucose they need to make the energy juice ATP, it's just like what happens to your car when the battery dies: it won't start.
Ben Terrany, MD
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursShore Gastroenterology Associates
1907 SR 35
Oakhurst, NJ 07755
- Horizon HMO (BC/BS of NJ)
- Jersey Shore University Medical Center
- Monmouth Medical Center
How does my digestive process work?
Kelly Traver, Internal Medicine, answered
Does gum take seven years to digest?
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answered
Most people empty their stomach within a half hour to two hours after eating, including gum. Gum base is insoluble, meaning our bodies don't possess digestive enzymes to break it down, just like the fiber base of raw vegetables, corn, and popcorn kernels. And Mom was wrong: It can't stick to your stomach wall. Gum travels the same path as food and is excreted in your poop. Not convinced? Just look for it in the toilet!
This content originally appeared on doctoroz.com
Why does reading help me have a bowel movement?
Patricia Raymond, MD, Internal Medicine, answeredRestroom reading reaps results. People commonly read in their powder rooms to assist in "doing the business." A third of all women read on the toilet, with most doing so to relax or to be distracted. African-American females read more (54%), Caucasians less (32%). Additional studies show that relaxation on the commode, as might be brought about by reading, helps to relax the voluntary anal sphincter. Animal studies, on the Mongolian gerbil, reveal "novel" settings will increase the rodent pellet output -- but they don’t mean that kind of novel. So, bookstore bowels?
I discovered a case report of a similarly afflicted fellow, although not in a peer-reviewed medical journal. Allow me to quote from the case:
"Although defecation process is known to be controlled voluntarily by means of anal sphincters, the intentional relaxation of these sphincters per se did not produce any visible effect in the individual under study. Only when the subject was simultaneously presented with sufficient amount of printed text of any kind, written in Russian or English, the defecation process started. The extinguishing of the trigger stimulus from the subject's visual field resulted in almost immediate suppression of the defecation. We found no effect of text relevance, quality or informational content on its stimulation efficiency."
Perhaps book browsing causes your “Biblio BMs.” The fix? Try ordering your books online from either library or bookstore to choose your defecatory setting.
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