Anthony T. Scardella, MD
Specialty: Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine
Location and Office HoursRobert Wood Johnson University Hospital
1 Robert Wood Johnson
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
- Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
- Saint Peter's University Hospital
- Somerset Medical Center
How can lower extremity endurance training help people with lung diseases?
Lyall Gorenstein, Cardiothoracic Surgery, answered on behalf of Columbia University Department of SurgeryLower extremity endurance training for people with lung diseases makes your muscles (including your heart) more efficient and better able to work. You will be able to do more activity for longer periods of time with greater ease. Endurance training includes aerobic type activities such as treadmill walking, stationary bicycling, or free walking. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends 20-30 minutes of continuous exercise 3-5 times a week for optimal cardiovascular and pulmonary benefits. Interval training or exercising for shorter times may be necessary initially until tolerance is achieved. Four 5 minute intervals with rest periods may be a more realistic goal to start. Intensity (speed, resistance, and incline) should be determined using a controlled graded exercise test performed by a physician. It is important to consult your doctor before beginning any new exercise program.
What increases my risk for respiratory disorders?
Smoking is one of the leading risk factors for developing a cough and other respiratory disorders. Additionally, women tend to have more sensitive cough reflexes making them more likely to develop a cough. Exposure to allergens such as dust and pollen may make a person more susceptible to developing a cough.
Children who are five years old or younger or who were born prematurely are more likely to develop croup (a disease of infants and young children characterized by harsh coughing, hoarseness, fever, and difficult breathing).
People most at risk for developing asbestosis (scarring of the lungs that results in difficulty breathing) include those who have had at least 10 years of moderate to severe exposure to asbestos, such as workers involved in mining, milling, manufacturing, or installation of asbestos products.
Viral infections are the main cause of colds. They include: rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, adenoviruses, echoviruses, respiratory syncytial viruses (RSV), and coxsackieviruses, which can infect the upper respiratory system. Although over 100 different viruses may cause colds, 30-50% of colds are caused by rhinoviruses.
The majority of patients hospitalized for RSV are under six months of age. For infants and children born prematurely (35 weeks gestation or less), RSV may cause serious respiratory tract disease or even death.
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What is a Himalayan Salt Inhaler?
Bryce B. Wylde, Alternative/complementary Medicine, answered
Everyone should have a Himalayan Salt inhaler in their medicine cabinet, says alternative medicine expert Bryce Wylde. Find out what it is and why you might want one by watching this video.
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