Anthony T Scardella, MD
Specialty: Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine
Location and Office HoursRobert Wood Johnson Medical Group Pulmonology & Critical Care
New Brunswick, NJ 08903
- Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
- Saint Peter's University Hospital
- Somerset Medical Center
What are some serious complications of respiratory problems?
Serious complications arising from respiratory problems are many and cause difficulty breathing, which will inhibit the body's ability to utilize oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide. "Respiratory problems" is a broad term that covers an expansive list of maladies. The respiratory system includes the nasal passages, mouth and throat, larynx (voice box), trachea, bronchi and lungs. There can be problems with any of these areas, some of which are mild, such as nasal allergies and colds. More severe problems can be emphysema, pneumonia, or even lung cancer.
How is interstitial lung disease diagnosed?
Lyall Gorenstein, Cardiothoracic Surgery, answered on behalf of Columbia University Department of SurgeryThe diagnosis of interstitial lung, can often be made with a high resolution CT scan. In some instances a biopsy is required. The diagnosis of ILD has become significantly more accurate as a result of thoracoscopy, a minimal access procedure utilizing small incisions and video-endoscopic instruments rather than traditional invasive methods to view the chest. Multiple areas of the lung can be biopsed and scanned to determine the presence of this disorder without the need for a large incision.
How are pleural effusions different between children and adults?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Pleural effusions occur more frequently in adults than in children. The most frequent underlying causes of pleural effusions in adults are heart failure, infections and cancers. When children develop pleural effusions, it is usually due to infections. Effusions caused by cancers in the pediatric population are rare.
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