A congenital heart defect is an abnormality of the heart or blood vessels that develops before the child is born and is present at birth. These defects typically form well before the first trimester of pregnancy is completed. Heart defects are the most common defects that children are born with.
Andrew T Ho, MD
Location and Office HoursRiverside Cardiology Associates
Riverside, CA 92501
- Anthem Blue Cross of California
- Blue Shield of California
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Health Net
- PacifiCare/Secure Horizons
- United Healthcare, California
- Inland Valley Medical Center
- Loma Linda University Medical Center, East Campus
- Riverside Community Hospital
What is a congenital heart defect?
What are the effects of an anomalous left coronary artery in children?
Johns Hopkins Medicine answeredThe pulmonary artery carries oxygen-depleted blood from the heart to the lungs. Because the anomalous left coronary artery receives its blood from the pulmonary artery rather than the aorta, it supplies the heart muscle with blood that is low in oxygen.
Secondly, as the blood pressure is three times lower in the pulmonary artery than in the aorta, blood will tend to flow backwards into the pulmonary artery from the coronary artery. This stealing of blood away from the heart muscle can have dire consequences resulting in heart attacks in children in the first year of life. This defect results in decreased heart function, poor feeding and irritability.
What are symptoms of structural heart disease?
Symptoms of structural heart disease can vary depending on the specific condition or defect.
Patients may have subjective, or immeasurable, symptoms or objective, measureable, symptoms.
Some common subjective symptoms are:
- shortness of breath or shortness or breath with exertion
- early fatigue or a change in exercise tolerance
Some common objective symptoms are:
- heart murmur, which is found with a stethoscope during an exam
- weight gain in the form of water retention
These are some signs of heart failure, or the inability of the heart to keep up with its call for work.
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