The brain and the digestive system affect each other significantly. Enzyme secretion, intestinal contractions, and other aspects of the digestive process respond to a person's psychological state. Up to half of all people with digestive disease symptoms may have psychological factors influencing their digestion. This connection does not mean that the digestive problems in these cases are imaginary, only that they are influenced by the brain.
Abhijit Kulkarni, MD
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursAllegheny Center for Digestive Health
Pittsburgh, PA 15212
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- How does the brain affect digestive diseases?
Are there over-the-counter medications for an obstetric fistula?
There are no over-the-counter medications to completely treat an obstetric fistula. Obstetric fistulas are treated with prescribed medications, such as antibiotics to help to eliminate infection in the woman's body, and surgery. A doctor must be consulted for treatment of an obstetric fistula.
What is malabsorption?
Johns Hopkins Medicine answered
Malabsorption is difficulty in the digestion or absorption of nutrients from food. Malabsorption can affect growth and development or it can lead to specific illnesses.
Some of the causes of malabsorption include:
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- Inflammatory bowel disease or Crohn’s disease
- Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disease
- Cystic fibrosis (the number one cause in the U.S.)
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Lactose intolerance
- Celiac disease
- Whipple disease (a rare bacterial infection)
- Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (a genetic disease affecting the pancreas and bone marrow)
- Cow's milk protein intolerance
- Soy milk protein intolerance
- Biliary artesia (blockage in the tubes that carry bile)
- Abetalipoproteinemia (a rare disorder that prevents the absorption of fats)
- Vitamin B-12 malabsorption (may be due to Diphyllobothrium latum infestation or juvenile pernicious anemia)
- Parasites including Giardia lamblia, Strongyloides stercoralis and Necator americanus (hookworm)