An enterolith is another name for a bezoar. An enterolith is an agglomerated mass of indigestible material. It is found in the digestive tract.
Abhijit Kulkarni, MD
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursAllegheny Center for Digestive Health
Pittsburgh, PA 15212
- Bravo by Elder Health
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Gateway Health Plan
- Great-West Healthcare CIGNA
- Keystone Blue (Highmark BC/BS)
- Keystone Health Plan West (Highmark BC/BS)
- Optimum Choice/MAMSI (UnitedHealthcare)
- Security Blue (Highmark BC/BS)
- TRICARE North/HealthNet Federal Services
- UPMC Health Plan
- Unison Health Plan
- Unison/Three Rivers Health Plans/MedPLUS+
- United Healthcare
- Allegheny General Hospital
- Allegheny General Hospital, Suburban Campus
- Kindred Hospital Pittsburgh
- Monongahela Valley Hospital
- Western Pennsylvania Hospital
- What is an enterolith?
What causes frequent burping?
Betty Long, RN, MHA, Nursing, answered
Frequent burping may indicate that you are swallowing too much air, or it may indicate the presence of a more serious problem such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (aka GERD), peptic ulcer disease, gastroparesis or gastritis, or H Pylori infection.
Eating rapidly, gulping beverages, chewing gum, wearing loose-fitting dentures, drinking through a straw, chewing gum and sucking on hard candy can all cause the swallowing of air. Burping can occur voluntarily, and frequent burping may be a habit practiced to relieve indigestion.
Heartburn and "acid indigestion" are common complaints of folks suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. GERD is caused by laxity of the valve at the junction of the stomach and esophagus. This laxity allows significant amounts of food and stomach acids to flow back into the esophagus, causing burning pain, bloating and frequent burping. It can also cause stomach pain similar to an ulcer. Certain foods, medicines and other substances can aggravate GERD, including coffee, cola, alcohol, tomato sauce, anti-inflammatories, smoking and tight clothing.
Another possible cause of frequent burping might be an H. pylori, or Helicobacter pylori infection. H. pylori is a bacteria that infects the stomach and small intestine and is the major cause of stomach and duodenal ulcers. Symptoms of H. pylori infection include frequent burping, bloating, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain and weight loss. H. pylori infection can cause ulcers, gastritis and stomach cancer. It is diagnosed by a blood, breath or stool test. Treatment with antibiotics kills the H. pylori infection, and acid-reducing medications promote healing and relieve symptoms.
How is Hirschsprung disease (HD) treated?
The treatments for Hirschsprung disease (HD) are as follows:Pull-through surgery: HD can be treated with a surgery called a pull-through operation. There are three common ways to do a pull-through, the Swenson, the Soave, and the Duhamel procedures. Although done a little differently, each of these procedures involve taking out the part of the intestine that does not work and connecting the remaining healthy part to the anus. After pull-through surgery, the child has a working intestine. Colostomy and ileostomy: Often, the pull-through can be done right after the diagnosis is confirmed. However, children who have been very sick may first need a surgery called an ostomy. This surgery helps the child get healthy before having the pull-through. Some doctors do an ostomy in every child before doing the pull-through.
In an ostomy, the doctor takes out the diseased part of the intestine. Then, the doctor cuts a small hole, called a stoma, in the baby's abdomen. The doctor connects the upper part of the intestine to the stoma. The stool leaves the body through the stoma, while the lower part of the intestine heals. The stool goes into a bag attached to the skin around the stoma. This bag needs to be emptied several times a day.
If the doctor removes the entire large intestine and connects the small intestine to the stoma, the surgery is called an ileostomy. If the doctor leaves part of the large intestine and connects it to the stoma, the surgery is called a colostomy.
Later, the doctor performs the pull-through by disconnecting the intestine from the stoma and attaching it just above the anus. As the stoma is not needed any more, the doctor either sews it up during surgery, or waits about six weeks to make sure that the pull-through has worked.
This answer is based on source information from the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC)
See all Digestive Diseases questions