Kidney or renal failure occurs when the kidneys are unable to do their job of filtering blood and ridding the body of waste products. One cause of renal failure relates to narrowings of the renal arteries, starving the kidneys of oxygen and nutrients.
AJ Pampalone, DO
Location and Office HoursNorthwest Indiana Nephrology
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What is kidney failure?
What is a ureteral stent?
A ureteral stent is a thin, hollow tube that is put in the ureter to help urine pass from the kidney into the bladder. Ureters are the tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder. A ureteral stent is put in when something is blocking the ureter. The blockage can be caused by problems such as a kidney stone, scar tissue, a tumor or an infection.
A stent may be needed after surgery on the ureter or kidney. A blocked ureter can cause urine to back up into the kidneys. This can hurt the kidneys. It can also cause an infection. The doctor will place the stent by guiding it through the urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body. Then the doctor will guide the stent through the bladder and ureter and into the kidney. The doctor will make sure one end of the stent is in the kidney and the other end is in the bladder. No cuts are made in the body.A ureteral stent may be left in place for several days or for as long as several months. The longer the stent is in the ureter, the more likely it is to cause side effects. Side effects include: A need to urinate more often. A sudden need to urinate. A feeling that the bladder is not completely empty after urinating. A small amount of blood in the urine. Some pain in the belly, side or back. Infection.
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What medications help treat nephrotic syndrome?
Nephrotic syndrome is usually successfully treated with a combination of medicines.Medication choices - Medicines to treat nephrotic syndrome include:
- Corticosteroids, such as prednisone or prednisolone, to reduce swelling.
- Diuretics, such as bumetanide or furosemide, to help maintain fluid balance.
- Cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine or mycophenolate mofetil, when treatment with corticosteroids is not successful.
- Albumin, to restore blood volume.
Most children are successfully treated with corticosteroids, though relapses are common.
Clinical trials are ongoing to test more effective medicines for the treatment of steroid-resistant (relapsing) nephrotic syndrome. If treatment has not successfully controlled your nephrotic syndrome, ask your doctor about information on clinical trials. To take part in a clinical trial, you may need to travel to a large treatment center.What to think about - Most children who have nephrotic syndrome do well with treatment and have a normal life expectancy.
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